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Life Insurance Basics You Need To Know

Life Insurance Basics You Need To Know

What Is A Life Insurance

Life insurance is an agreement between an insurance policy holder and an insurer or assurer, where the insurer promises to pay an assigned beneficiary an amount of money (the benefit) in exchange for a premium, upon the death of an insured individual (often the policy holder). Depending on the agreement, various other events such as terminal disease or critical health problem can also trigger payment. The policy holder usually pays a premium, either on a regular basis or as one lump sum. Other costs, such as funeral expenses, can additionally be included in the benefits.

Concepts And Personal Uses

Life insurance policy has long been a significant tool in basic estate planning. Life insurance can provide an income tax-free death benefit far in excess of the premiums paid.

Principles – insurance policy is based upon 2 basic concepts:
Risk Pooling – Risk is transferred from an individual to a group, each sharing the losses and has the guarantee of a future benefit.
Law of Large numbers – The larger the number of individual risks that are combined in a group, the even more assurance there is regarding the amount of loss incurred in any given amount of time.

Personal Uses:

Life insurance is based on mathematical principles, it ensures a defined sum of money after the death of the individual who is insured.
The true importance of insurance is its guarantee to substitute future economic certainty for uncertainty and to replace the unknown with a complacency.


If you have property in excess of your estate tax exemption amount, you may have a taxable estate. If you have a life insurance policy or name either yourself or your estate as beneficiary, you may have subjected the policy’s death benefit to estate tax. Because of this, when estate tax is a concern, a life insurance plan on your life is usually best owned by someone else.

Plan Types

Term Life Insurance Policy

Term insurance policy is normally the least expensive type of insurance coverage and is extremely budget friendly to buy when you’re young. As you grow older, your risk of passing away increases, so the cost of term insurance policy increases significantly. Just like the majority of other insurance coverage, you pay premiums yearly, semiannually, or quarterly for the term. For this premium, you get a predetermined amount of life insurance security. Term insurance is really affordable and is usually used for a temporary insurance need. Nevertheless, it only attends to death protection and there is no money value accumulated from paid premiums. Stats show that most of term policies lapse without collection of death benefit.


Renewable– The majority of term policies are renewable up to age 70 without proof of insurability.
Convertible– These policies have an arrangement to convert to permanent insurance without proof of insurability for a defined amount of time (might be less compared to the full term).
Waiver of Premium– If the insured ends up being completely disabled; the premiums are waved throughout the duration of disability.

Types of Term Life insurance

Yearly Renewable Term– Level face value with increasing premium payments.
Level term– Level face value, however premiums stay fixed for duration of term.
Term to age 65 or 70– Exponentially increasing premiums.
Decreasing term- Level premium payments, however reducing face value.

You have many different options for buying life insurance.After you have decided to buy a life insurance policy, you’ll have to ask yourself what type of life insurance you need.

Different types of life insurance can be divided into term and permanent, depending on how long they are in effect. Listed below are the types of life insurance :

  1. Term life insurance
  2. Permanent life insurance
  3. Whole life insurance
  4. Universal life insurance
  5. Variable life insurance
  6. Variable universal life insurance
  7. Simplified issue life insurance
  8. Guaranteed issue life insurance
  9. Final expense life insurance
  10. Group life insurance

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